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Monday, May 16 • 4:30pm - 5:00pm
(General Session: Get Ready, Get Set - Emergency Preparedness) The Royal Palace and Square of Patan, Nepal and the Earthquake 2015 - imidiate actions and midterm planning

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The earthquake of 25 April 2015, known as the Gorkha earthquake, and the subsequent one of 12 May which struck Kathmandu Valley, caused a big humanitarian catastrophe and enormous damage to Nepal’s cultural heritage. Thousands of people died and were injured, even more were made homeless. Additionally, monuments and sites in the valley were affected and severely damaged. All seven monument zones that build up the Kathmandu Valley UNESCO World Heritage Property suffered from loss and destruction. The Stupas of Swayambhu and Boudanath partly collapsed. The three Durbar Squares of the royal cities Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur suffered massively with buildings totally destroyed or heavily damaged. The immediate response of the local authorities and communities and the implementation of first-aid measures took differently long and varied in effectiveness. These include the retrieving of valuable objects from the debris, i.e. gilded metal sculptures, wood carvings and stone relieves, and the covering of affected buildings, especially of those with damaged roofs. In retrospect, all measures that proved to be essential after the earthquake and facing the monsoon. In 2010 the Institute of Conservation of the University of Applied Arts Vienna (Austria) joined the conservation project at the impressive Royal Palace in Patan initiated by the Kathmandu Valley Preservation Trust (KVPT). This cooperation between senior conservators (staff) and students of the Institute, together with architects from the KVPT and local craftsmen, has over the years resulted in the conservation of numerous monuments and works of art made of stone, wood, metal and ivory. This paper will give a first survey of the damage caused by the earthquakes to the monuments at the Patan Durbar Square and in the context of the Royal Palace including an evaluation of treatments undertaken by the Institute in the past years. Fact finding missions in June and September 2015 initiated by the Austrian government showed the necessity to set specific priorities for conservation and restoration of earthquake damaged monuments of forthcoming working campaigns. Specific emphasis will be given to the emergency response and first-aid measures after the earthquake in Patan undertaken by the local community, the KVPT and related organisations, which can be considered effective, as the recovery of objects from the debris and their temporary storage. The conservation and restoration by the Institute of selected monuments and objects damaged by the earthquake will be illustrated. Tasks and challenges for the future will be defined and possible solutions discussed.

Speakers
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Martina Haselberger

Project coordinator, University of Applied Arts Vienna
Study of conservation at University of Applied Arts Vienna, specialization in stone conservation
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Marija Milchin

university assistent, Institute of Conservation; University of Applied Arts Vienna
Name: Univ.-Ass. Mag. Marija Milchin Qualification: 5-year diploma study of stone conservation, long-term working experience, university assistant of the stone conservation class at the Institute of Conservation (University of Applied Arts Vienna) since 2008 Expertise: conservation... Read More →

Co-Author(s)
avatar for Gabriela Krist

Gabriela Krist

Professor, Institute of Conservation, University of Applied Arts Vienna
Gabriela Krist is university professor at the University of Applied Arts Vienna, Institute of Conservation, since 1999. She studied conservation at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna, as well as art history and archaeology in Vienna and Salzburg. For many years she worked for ICCROM... Read More →
KS

Kathrin Schmidt

university assistant, Institute of Conservation; University of Applied Arts Vienna
Name: Univ.-Ass. Mag. Kathrin Schmidt Qualification: 5-year diploma study of object conservation, long-term working experience, university assistant responsible for object class at the Institute of Conservation (University of Applied Arts Vienna) since Expertise: conservation of metal... Read More →
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Manfred Trummer

Head of conservation department, Austrian Museum of Applied Arts / Contemporary Arts
Name: Mag. Manfred Trummer Qualification: 5-year diploma study of conservation and restoration, long-term working experience, head of the Conservation Department of the Austrian Museum of Applied Arts (Vienna) since 1988 teacher (senior lecturer) at the Institute of Conservation... Read More →
MM

Marija Milchin

university assistent, Institute of Conservation; University of Applied Arts Vienna
Name: Univ.-Ass. Mag. Marija Milchin Qualification: 5-year diploma study of stone conservation, long-term working experience, university assistant of the stone conservation class at the Institute of Conservation (University of Applied Arts Vienna) since 2008 Expertise: conservation... Read More →


Monday May 16, 2016 4:30pm - 5:00pm EDT
Room 710 A