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Sunday, May 15 • 2:30pm - 3:00pm
(Emergency) Implementing risk management strategies for the Manguinhos historic site: protecting built heritage and collections.

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Manguinhos historic site, located at the north zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, houses a significant part of the scientific and cultural heritage of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), linked to the Ministry of Health of Brazil. It includes almost 40 collections (documental, bibliographical, museological and biological), historic buildings and archeological sites. Much of this heritage was generated over more than a century by the work processes of the institution, created in 1900 to produce medicines and conduct research in the public health area. It includes buildings considered national heritage by IPHAN (National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage) and collections recognized by UNESCO as Memory of the World. Seeking to enhance the preventive conservation actions already underway for institutional heritage, and following the principles defined by the Preservation and Management Policy of Cultural Collections in Science and Health, the Casa de Oswaldo Cruz (unit responsible for the preservation of the cultural heritage of Fiocruz) developed a medium-term program for implementation of risk management plans for heritage located in Manguinhos. An interdisciplinary working group was created, composed of experts responsible for the conservation of different types of collections and the built heritage, as well as representatives of the management areas of the unit. For the development of the work was adopted the CCI-ICCROM-RCE Risk Management Method (Canadian Conservation Institute - International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property - Netherlands Institute for Cultural Heritage) and an expert was hired as a consultant to guide the work of the group. The methodology consists of five sequential steps: establish the context, identify risks, analyze risks, evaluate risks and treat risks. For the development of the research a range of surveys was held seeking to characterize: the institutional context; the set of actors who have influence and interest in the conservation of heritage; the teams of employees who work in the management and preservation of buildings and collections; the existing policies and procedures; the valuation of the ensemble; and natural and anthropogenic features of the site. Threats related to fire, urban violence, high pollution, susceptibility to climate change and landslide were some of the issues mapped during the process. This information was crucial for the development of a joint risk assessment, which resulted in a holistic view of different types of risks for the buildings and collections and a comprehensive understanding of the most critical and emergency. This paper aims to present research results and discuss strategies to mitigate the identified risks, considering the diversity of types of cultural heritage under the responsibility of the institution.

avatar for Marcos José de Araujo Pinheiro

Marcos José de Araujo Pinheiro

Vice-director of Information and Cultural Heritage, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation/ Casa de Oswaldo Cruz
Doctor of Science and Master in Production Engineering from COPPE / Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ. Degree in electrical engineering from PUC - RJ (1981) and specialist in industrial management and economics engineering from UFRJ. Senior technologist at Fundação Oswaldo... Read More →

avatar for Carla Maria Teixeira Coelho

Carla Maria Teixeira Coelho

Architect / Researcher, Casa de Oswaldo Cruz / Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
PhD student in Architecture and Urbanism at the Universidade Federal Fluminense - UFF. Architect and urbanist from Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ (2003). Master in Architecture from PROARQ-FAU / UFRJ (2006) in the area of concentration History and Preservation of Historic... Read More →

Sunday May 15, 2016 2:30pm - 3:00pm EDT
Room 513 A/C