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Tuesday, May 17 • 10:30am - 11:00am
(Research and Technical Studies) Colorimetric Sensor Arrays for Monitoring Pollutant Exposure of Artwork

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The acceptable pollutant concentration limits for sensitive artwork are generally at or below the few ppb regime: this is only ~1% of the permissible exposure limits (NIOSH PEL) required for humans. Monitoring such pollutants at such low levels is an exceptional scientific challenge, especially to do so in a cost effective fashion for a large number of locations and microenvironments (e.g., every display case in a museum). To meet this challenge, we have extended with new sensor array chemistry our already extremely sensitive and portable “optoelectronic nose” [1-4] and developed cumulative colorimetric sensor arrays. The resulting disposable sensor arrays are inexpensive, cross-reactive sensors using a wide range of chemical interactions with analytes (i.e., not just physical adsorption): an optical analog of mammalian olfaction. By digitally monitoring the change in color of each spot in the easily printed array, one has a quantitative measure of the composite response to volatiles. The use of a disposable array permits the use of stronger chemical interactions, which dramatically improves both sensitivity and specificity compared to any prior enose technology. Importantly the sensor array has been specifically engineering to be insensitive to humidity changes. A new and highly compact reader (the size of a deck of cards) for these arrays based on the color contact image sensor (CIS, used for portable business card and paper scanners) was used for these studies. We have broadened these studies by the use of cell phone camera imaging and made trial experiments in the monitoring of artwork from the Disney Animation Research Library exhibition in Beijing and Shanghai in order to monitor pollutant exposure both during shipping and during exhibition. This exhibition, "Drawn from Life: the Art of Disney Animation Studios" features animation drawings, story sketches, layouts, backgrounds, and concept art spanning the 90 years of the Walt Disney Animation Studio's history. Sensor arrays were used to monitor both exterior and interior environments of passepartout frames at the exhibition and inside the shipping crates during transport. 1. Rakow, N. A.; Suslick, K. S. "A Colorimetric Sensor Array for Odor Visualization" Nature, 2000, 406, 710-714. 2. Suslick, K. S. “Synesthesia in Science and Technology: More than Making the Unseen Visible” Current Opin. Chem. Bio. 2012, 16, 557-563. 3. Lim, S. H.; Feng, L.; Kemling, J. W.; Musto, C. J.; Suslick, K. S. “An Optoelectronic Nose for Detection of Toxic Gases” Nature Chemistry, 2009, 1, 562-567. 4. Askim, J. R.; Mahmoudi, M.; Suslick, K. S. "Optical sensor arrays for chemical sensing: the optoelectronic nose" Chem. Soc. Rev. 2013, 42, 8649 - 8682.

avatar for Kenneth Suslick

Kenneth Suslick

Schmidt Professor of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Kenneth S. Suslick is the Marvin T. Schmidt Research Professor of Chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Professor Suslick received his B.S. from the California Institute of Technology in 1974 and his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1978, and came to the University... Read More →

avatar for Herant Khanjian

Herant Khanjian

Assistant Scientist, Getty Conservation Institute
Herant Khanjian received his undergraduate degree in chemistry from California State University, Northridge and has been a member in the Science department of the Getty Conservation Institute since 1988. His research interests involve the detection and identification of organic media... Read More →
avatar for Kristen McCormick

Kristen McCormick

Art Exhibitions and Conservation Manager, Walt Disney Animation Research Library
Kristen McCormick has been at the Walt Disney Company for over a decade and a half where she has been responsible for the safe keeping, care and transport of a broad range of artworks from African Art to Animation. In her current role she oversees the conservation care of the Walt... Read More →

Maria LaGasse

Graduate Research Assistant, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
avatar for Michael R. Schilling

Michael R. Schilling

Senior Scientist, Yale Institute for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage
Michael Schilling is head of Materials Characterization research at the Getty Conservation Institute, which focuses on development of analytical methods for studying classes of materials used by artists and conservators. He specializes in gas chromatography, mass spectrometry and... Read More →

Tuesday May 17, 2016 10:30am - 11:00am EDT
Room 511 B/E